The New Peoples
Being and Becoming Métis


Cover image (The New Peoples)

Leading Canadian and American scholars explore the dimension and meaning of the intermingling of European and Native American peoples.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Contents 6
Illustrations 10
Foreword 12
Acknowledgements 16
Introduction 28
Part I: Métis Origins: Discovery and Interpretation 42
From "One Nation" in the Northeast to "New Nation" in the Northwest: A look at the emergence of the métis 44
Many roads to Red River: Métis genesis in the Great Lakes region, 1680–1815 62
Some questions and perspectives on the problem of métis roots 98
Part II: Communities in Diversity 118
The métis and mixed-bloods of Rupert's Land before 1870 120
Waiting for a day that never comes: The dispossessed métis of Montana 144
Treaty No. 9 and fur trade company families: Northeastern Ontario's halfbreeds, Indians, petitioners and métis 162
Grande Cache: The historic development of an indigenous Alberta métis population 188
Part III: Diasporas and Questions of Identity 208
"Unacquainted with the laws of the civilized world": American attitudes toward the métis communities in the Old Northwest 210
Diverging identities: The Presbyterian métis of St. Gabriel Street, Montreal 220
"What if Mama is an Indian?": The cultural ambivalence of the Alexander Ross family 232
Part IV: Cultural Life 244
In search of métis art 246
What is Michif?: Language in the métis tradition 272
Afterword 284
Contributors 294
B 297
A 297
Index 297
C 298
D 298
E 299
F 299
G 300
H 300
I 300
J 301
K 301
L 301
M 302
N 304
P 304
O 304
Q 305
R 305
S 306
T 307
U 307
V 307
W 307
X 307
Y 307
Z 307