For King and Kanata
Canadian Indians and the First World War


Cover image (For King and Kanata)

The first comprehensive history of the Aboriginal First World War experience on the battlefield and the home front.When the call to arms was heard at the outbreak of the First World War, Canada’s First Nations pledged their men and money to the Crown to honour their long-standing tradition of forming military alliances with Europeans during times of war, and as a means of resisting cultural assimilation and attaining equality through shared service and sacrifice. Initially, the Canadian government rejected these offers based on the belief that status Indians were unsuited to modern, civilized warfare. But in 1915, Britain intervened and demanded Canada actively recruit Indian soldiers to meet the incessant need for manpower. Thus began the complicated relationships between the Imperial Colonial and War Offices, the Department of Indian Affairs, and the Ministry of Militia that would affect every aspect of the war experience for Canada’s Aboriginal soldiers.In his groundbreaking new book, For King and Kanata,Timothy C. Winegard reveals how national and international forces directly influenced the more than 4,000 status Indians who voluntarily served in the Canadian Expeditionary Force between 1914 and 1919—a per capita percentage equal to that of Euro-Canadians—and how subsequent administrative policies profoundly affected their experiences at home, on the battlefield, and as returning veterans.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Contents 6
Acknowledgements 8
Notes on Sources 12
Maps, Tables, and Illustrations 14
Maps 14
Tables 14
Illustrations 14
Preface 16
Introduction 26
Chapter One - Indians and the Settler-State Experience 35
Chapter Two - The Image of the Indian 46
Chapter Three - Modern Warfare and the Noble Savage 55
Chapter Four - The Privileges of Civilized Warfare, 1914 64
Chapter Five - In the Interest of the Indians, 1915–16 77
Chapter Six - All the King’s Men, 1917–18 111
Chapter Seven - Indian Soldiers 133
Chapter Eight - On the Home Front 163
Chapter Nine - Peace and Prejudice 176
Conclusion 190
Epilogue 193
Notes on Sources 195
Preface 195
Notes 195
Introduction 196
Chapter One 197
Chapter Two 199
Chapter Three 201
Chapter Four 203
Chapter Five 205
Chapter Six 212
Chapter Seven 215
Chapter Eight 220
Chapter Nine 221
Conclusion 223
Epilogue 224
Selected Bibliography 225
Manuscript, Archival, and Library Collections 225
Other Sources 225
Index 238