Aboriginal Resource Use in Canada
Historical and Legal Aspects


Cover image (Aboriginal Resource Use in Canada)

This volume addresses a wide range of topics related to Aboriginal resource use, ranging from the pre-contact period to the present. The papers were originally presented at a conference held in 1988 at the University of Winnipeg. Co-editor Kerry Abel has written an introduction that outlines the main themes of the book. She points out that it is difficult to know what the enshrinement of Aboriginal rights in the Canadian Constitution means without knowing exactly what constituted the Aboriginal interest in the land past and present. She also summarizes some of the developments in the rapidly evolving concept of Aboriginal rights.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Contents 6
Acknowledgements 9
Introduction 12
Part 1: "Plenty of Fish and Fruits" 20
"For Every Plant There is a Use": The Botanical World of Mexica and Iroquoians 20
The Historical and Archaeological Evidence for the use of Fish as an Alternate Subsistence Resource among Northern Plains Bison Hunters 44
"Our Country": The Significance of the Buffalo Resource for a Plains Cree Sense of Territory 60
Manomin: Historical-Geographical Perspectives on the Ojibwa Production of Wild Rice 80
Part 2: Fur Trade Economics and Resource Use 90
Aboriginal Resource use in the Nineteenth Century in the Great Plains of Modern Canada 90
Dependency: Charles Bishop and the Northern Ojibwa 102
Changing Resource-Use Patterns of Saulteaux Trading at Fort Pelly, 1821 to 1870 116
Rainy River Sturgeon: An Ojibway Resource in the Fur Trade Economy 128
Grant Me Wherewith to Make My Living 150
Part 3: Governments and Resource Access 150
"Principally Rocks and Burnt Lands": Crown Reserves and the Tragedy of the Sturgeon Lake First Nation in Northwestern Ontario 166
The Sinews of Their Lives: Native Access to Resources in the Yukon, 1890 to 1950 182
State Policy and the Native Trapper: Post-War Policy toward Fur in the Northwest Territories 200
The Board of Investigation and the Water Rights of Indian Reserves in British Columbia, 1909 to 1926 228
Part 4: The St. Catherine's Case 256
Indian Title as a "Celestial Institution": David Mills and the St. Catherine's Milling Case 256
The St. Catherine's Milling and Lumber Company versus the Queen: Indian Land Rights as a Factor in Federal-Provincial Relations in Nineteenth-Century Canada 276
Part 5: Courts and Claims 296
Inuit Land Use Studies and the Native Claims Process 296
Fur Trade History and the Gitksan-Wet'suwet'en Comprehensive Claim: Men of Property and the Exercise of Title 310
Defending World Markets for Fur: Aboriginal Trapping, the Anti-Harvest Movement and International Trade Law 326
Contributors 350