Light from Ancient Campfires

Light from Ancient Campfires is the first book in twenty years to gather together a comprehensive prehistoric archaeological record of the Northern Plains First Nations. In this important examination of the region’s earliest inhabitants, author Trevor R. Peck reviews the many changes of interpretation that have occurred in relevant literature published during the last two decades. Beginning with the earliest archaeological evidence for people in Alberta, Light from Ancient Campfires covers each period in chronological sequence. Throughout his research, Peck asks the following questions: What defines the cultural entity? How has our notion of it changed with increased information? What is the current state of thought concerning this issue? Light from Ancient Campfires provides a new definition for each archaeological phase, setting previous literature in a new light.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
CONTENTS 8
LIST OF TABLES 12
LIST OF FIGURES 13
LIST OF PLATES 14
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 16
INTRODUCTION 18
Scope of the Book 18
Archaeological Systematics 21
Theoretical Perspective 24
1 EARLIEST INHABITANTS: Prior to ca. 11,050 BP 30
PRE-CLOVIS SITES ( > CA. 11,050 BP) 30
2 EARLY PREHISTORIC PERIOD: ca. 11,050 to 8,600 BP 40
CLOVIS PHASE (CA. 11,050 to 10,800 BP) 41
FOLSOM PHASE (CA. 10,900 to 10,200 BP) 55
SIBBALD PHASE (CA. 10,500 BP) 64
AGATE BASIN / HELL GAP COMPLEX (CA. 10,200 TO 9,600 BP) 72
ALBERTA PHASE (CA. 9,600 TO 9,000 BP) 84
SCOTTSBLUFF-EDEN PHASE (CA. 9,000 TO 8,600 BP) 95
3 EARLY TO MIDDLE PREHISTORIC PERIOD TRANSITION: ca. 8,600 to 7,500 BP 112
PLAINS/MOUNTAIN COMPLEX (CA. 8,600 TO 7,700 BP) 112
LUSK COMPLEX (CA. 8,300 TO 7,500 BP) 125
4 MIDDLE PREHISTORIC PERIOD: ca. 7,500 to 1,500 BP 136
COUNTRY HILLS COMPLEX (CA. 7,500 TO 7,300 BP) 137
MUMMY CAVE COMPLEX (CA. 7,300 TO 6,700 BP) 150
MAPLE LEAF COMPLEX (CA. 6,300 TO 5,200 BP) 159
CALDERWOOD COMPLEX (CA. 5,200 TO 4,700 BP) 171
GOWEN COMPLEX (CA. 5,900 TO 5,200 BP) 180
ESTEVAN PHASE (CA. 4,900 TO 4,500 BP) 186
OXBOW PHASE (CA. 4,500 TO 4,100 BP) 197
MCKEAN COMPLEX (CA. 4,200 TO 3,500 BP) 216
PELICAN LAKE COMPLEX (CA. 3,600 TO 2,800 BP) 241
OUTLOOK COMPLEX (CA. 2,500 BP) 258
SANDY CREEK COMPLEX (CA. 2,500 BP) 267
BRACKEN PHASE (CA. 2,800 TO 2,100 BP) 273
BESANT PHASE (CA. 2,100 TO 1,500 BP) 299
SONOTA PHASE (CA. 1,500 TO 1,350 BP) 326
5 MIDDLE TO LATE PREHISTORIC PERIOD TRANSITION: ca. 1,500 to 1,350 BP 326
6 LATE PREHISTORIC PERIOD: ca. 1,350 to 250 BP 352
AVONLEA PHASE (CA. 1,350 TO 1,100 BP) 352
AVONLEA–OLD WOMEN’S TRANSITION (CA. 1,100 BP) 383
OLD WOMEN’S PHASE (CA. 1,100 TO 250 BP) 392
HIGHWOOD PHASE (CA. 500 TO 300 BP) 425
7 LATE PREHISTORIC TO HISTORIC PERIOD TRANSITION: Protohistoric Period, ca. 250 to 200 BP 434
PROTOHISTORIC OLD WOMEN’S PHASE (CA. 250 TO 200 BP) 434
ONE GUN PHASE (CA. 200 BP) 452
8 COMMENTARY 460
REFERENCES 474
INDEX 512
A 512
B 512
C 514
D 514
E 515
F 516
H 517
G 517
I 518
J 518
K 518
M 519
L 519
N 521
O 521
P 521
R 522
Q 522
S 523
T 524
U 524
V 524
W 524
Y 525
Z 525